There are jets, which fly. And then there are fighter jets, which boost and gallop into the sky. We all are well aware of these machines which roar into the sky as their playground and vanish in a glimpse. They are indeed, the art of human intelligence and we must know what makes them so unique. Our technology has grown and we are living in an era where we are lucky enough to witness these super machines. They are tested according to their specifications, maneuverability, armament and many other amazing factors which decide their ability in the wartime. So, fasten your seatbelts and get ready to witness some awesome science you weren’t aware of till date.
F – 35 Lightning II
This is one of the most advanced fighter jet made in entire history. But what makes it so special? It’s a single seat fifth generation multirole fighter jet integrated with stealth technology and modern weaponry which makes it stands ahead in the fleet. What’s modern here is that it is equipped with integrated sensors which allow pilot to create an automatic picture of the battlefield giving an advantage over the enemy. Moreover, a distributed aperture system (DAS) develops 360 degrees of vision for the pilot. Functions like missile detection, weapon control, and precision are carried out using DAS.
Displays are screened on the pilot’s helmet and Electro-Optical Targeting System makes it easy for the pilot to carry out air to air and air to ground attacks. Well, we can surely compare these things to real time video games but trust me, when they are there flying these jets up high in the skies, it’s not a piece of cake.
F – 22 Raptor
It’s an ultimate piece of art with supercruise speed which makes it stealth to almost all radars. It was introduced in 1997, and since then it’s been an integral part of the US Air Force. This flying machine is equipped with twin engine which helps it achieve the desired speed. In addition to it, the introduction of the thrust-vectoring nozzle enhanced its performance and maneuverability. Well if you are a science student, then this concept might interest you. Moreover the fact that it’s fuselage and parts of wings are made of carbon fibre which makes it more interesting.
Well if you are expecting information on sensors and some cool stuff on this then accept my apologies. As a matter of fact, many crucial sensors and technologies are classified and you are prudent enough to understand the rest.
The word “Euro”, does it ring the bells? Yes, we can trace its origin back to 1986, when Eurofighter was developed by the UK, Germany, Italy and Spain. One of the coolest factors about this jet is its design which craves for your attention. Its agile airframe is made of composite materials which perform dual function of providing strength and stealth. Moreover, it cannot be denied that its superior design provides excellent maneuverability.
Eurofighter is equipped with Defensive Aids Sub-System (DASS), which ensures precision marking and demolishing of the enemy area. Its maximum speed is Mach 2.0 which of course explains why this fighter jet is lethal in its fleet. One of the coolest facts about Eurofighter is that even after 1400 hour flight simulation, the performance of the engine remains same as that of a new engine.
Sukhoi Su-35 is a modified version of the Su-27 developed by Russia. Sukhoi has been a sensational name in the fighter jet world and many versions have been launched till date. But, Su-35 is the finest and the most refined form. The main technological asset of this jet is the Information Management System (IMS). Merging the software, logical and functional subsystems into a single system is the main concept upon which this system works on. This ensures the perfect interaction between the pilot and jet equipment.
Another astonishing factor is the “Irbis” – E radar, which detects the air as well as land targets with ease. Also, the introduction of the radar absorbent materials helps it to sneak into enemy lines without getting traced. This fighter jet can carry a load of 8,000 kg which makes this jet unique in its own kind. So this Christmas if you see Santa flying Sukhoi for carrying his heavy gifts to you, don’t get amazed!
Boeing F/A – 18E/F Super Hornet
Super Hornet is built for superior air combat. It’s an all-weather twin-engine fighter jet with some of the most advanced technologies. This fighter jet is operational in the USA and Australia. Originally built by Boeing, it is equipped with Aerial refuelling system through which it can refuel other jets in the sky itself. Its armoury includes laser guided bombs and versatility of weapons makes it quite interesting.
You all must have watched the movie “stealth”, and if you didn’t, then you should know that it’s a must watch. Super hornet was used in one of the scenes of this movie and no doubt good looks are a big credit to this aircraft. Designs just keep on evolving for better efficiency and speed and F/A -18E/F Super Hornet is the improved version of the F/A-18 C/D.
If you are CAD designer or a mechanical freak, then you must be very familiar with the name “Dassault”. From coolest design software to aviation milestones, this group provides the finest quality and intelligence. Rafale (gust of wind) is a new generation combat aircraft capable of carrying nuclear attacks with high accuracy and precision. Developed in France, this aircraft comes in different variants each with different specifications.
Also known as “omnirole”, this jet is capable of marking 40 targets at once and can attack at four targets at a single time. Its interoperability, which is the ability to carry out missions with allies having efficient communication and strategies, makes it very useful during peace missions. Coolest features include direct voice input which proves out to be very handy for quick actions and in worst case scenarios. Cool right? Just as we use to see in star wars.
F- 15 Eagle
Having eagle aerodynamics, this jet is very stable and sustains efficient handling skills. F-15 has been an integral part of the US Air force since 1972 and holds the perfect record during the wartime having zero combat losses. It’s not very advanced, but it is perfect for carrying out ground operations. The electronics and mechanics involved in this aircraft are quite unique. It can undergo multiple attacks at the enemy airspace and its tracking capacity is ultimate. Its technology may be old, but still, it can carry out crucial missions during night time.
Many countries like Japan, Saudi Arabia and Israel have included this aircraft into their fleet which shows why this jet is highly recommended. It is light in weight, which makes it highly maneuverable. F-15 is always preferred for carrying out the vital operations by US Airforce and its name resembles the logo of USAF.
Lockheed Martin F – 16 Fighting Falcon
“You don’t fly an F-16, it flies you”
One of the finest weapons in the US Air Force (USAF) superior missions, this plane has evolved over time and made its mark in this competitive era of fighter jets. Developed by Lockheed martin, this single-engine multirole fighter jet contains pilot-friendly cockpits coupled with advanced warfare sensors and aerodynamic structure.
F-16 is currently owned by 26 nations and counting as this is the most affordable jet with consistent performance. This fighter jet is made a bit unstable aerodynamically to provide negative static stability commonly stated as “relaxed static stability”. This change is made to improve the maneuverability of this aircraft, however at supersonic speed; it eventually attains the positive stability. F-16 is also equipped with a technologically advanced feature called fly-by-wire control system which induces a little less effort by the pilot to control the aircraft.
Saab JAS 39 Gripen
Designed by Swedish Aerospace Company Saab, Gripen is a multirole fighter jet symbolising its air-to-air, air-to-land and reconnaissance. It truly follows the adaptable avionics which can be inferred from its amazing technology. One of its features includes canard control surfaces which prove to be an efficient additive in inducing the positive lift in the aircraft. Moreover, short takeoffs at the warships and small airfields are supported by Gripen which is capable of withstanding the stresses induced at short landings. It is equipped with airbrakes which make it capable of reducing the flying speed in the air itself.
Gripen is preferred by the pilots as it can attack at an angle of 70-80 degrees in the air. When it comes to the software, this aircraft contains a bunch of “sensor fusion” which apparently makes it programmable. In addition to it, software used in Gripen can be updated from time to time to make some changes according to modern research.
Chengdu J-10 is developed by China and provides a tough competition to its western counterparts. This multirole aircraft was originally meant to be in high superiority air combats. Generally pronounced as “vigorous dragon”, this aircraft is very popular for its technology.
Chengdu J-10 is manufactured using composite materials which make it lighter and consequently improving its performance. Delta wing is mounted at the back of the fuselage providing higher stability and consistent agility. The air intake ramps below the fuselage are rectangular which provides air supply to the engine. The cockpit is designed ergonomically providing a 360-degree view to the pilot. Its radar is capable of tracking ten targets at once and two targets can be attacked at the same time. Pakistan is the only importer of the Chengdu J-10.